Grand Cross

The grand cross aspect pattern is a connection of (at least) 4 planets or chart points in the shape of a cross on the birth chart.

grand cross

Tension and Resistance

The grand cross consists of 2x oppositions that cross one another at a 90° (square angle), creating 4x squares.

opposition aspectopposition aspect

squaresquaresquaresquare

Grand Cross Expression

The grand cross is typically of one modality: cardinal, fixed, or mutable. However, that depends on how close the orb, and how close to the cusp of a sign (exact or not).